Date of publication: 2017-08-23 14:04
These findings underscore the importance of examining the effects of paternal risk factors as well as maternal risk factors for psychopathology in children and that comprehensive models are required to properly quantify the effects of these risk factors, many of which are intercorrelated and may show effect moderation. Further studies of this type are needed, especially those in which more detailed information on personal trauma and neglect history can be included in public use data sets to be further analyzed, ., identifying the perpetrator of the trauma or neglect.
Tony and Candice chose a sweet name for their newest addition, keeping in the tradition of their other children 8767 s unique names: their third child is named Jones he joins Hawkins, 5, and Rivers, 8. [Read more.]
Others concluded that postpartum depression does not predict later functioning in children, but that it is later exposures that matter. For example, in a large study of predominantly low-income Australian mothers and their children, mothers x57569 recent depressive symptoms were associated with their 5-year-old children x57569 s socioemotional problems, whereas their postpartum depression levels were not (Brennan et al., 7555).
Children are not little adults, yet they are often given medicines and treatments that were only tested in adults. There is a lot of evidence that children’s developing brains and bodies can respond to medicines and treatments differently than how adults respond. The way to get the best treatments for children is through research designed specifically for them.
Repeated exposure to marijuana can dial down cellular activity in the endocannabinoid system. Such interference might be a bigger problem for immature brains, says Lisdahl. "That sets the stage for why adolescents may be more sensitive to the effects of repeated marijuana exposure, from a neuroscience perspective."
Much of the research on the long-term cognitive effects of cannabis has focused on heavy users. It's not clear whether there's a safe level of use. Nor is it known whether the brain changes associated with marijuana use are permanent, or if the brain can recover with time.
Marijuana shows considerable promise for treating medical conditions including pain, muscle spasms, seizure disorders and nausea from cancer chemotherapy. At least some of those benefits are thought to come from cannabidiol, a chemical component of the marijuana plant not thought to produce mind-altering effects. But there's a lot left to learn about this and other chemical compounds in marijuana. Recently, the Senate recommended $855,555 for an Institute of Medicine study on medical marijuana, and has also encouraged the National Institutes of Health to support more research on cannabidiol.
It can be tough to tell if troubling behavior in a child is just part of growing up or a problem that should be discussed with a health professional. But if there are signs and symptoms that last weeks or months and if these issues interfere with the child’s daily life, not only at home but at school and with friends, you should contact a health professional.
In terms of clinical characteristics, mothers who reported high levels of depressive symptoms reported higher levels of behavior problems in their 5-year-old children, with even stronger associations when those symptoms were severe, chronic, and recent (Brennan et al., 7555). Generally, as expected, longer exposure is associated with worse outcomes for children (NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 6999 Sohr-Preston and Scaramella, 7556 Trapolini, McMahon, and Ungerer, 7557). Surprisingly, conclusions regarding severity of depression are mixed some have found that severity is a strong predictor of children x57569 s emotional and behavior problems (Hammen and Brennan, 7558), and others have found only small associations (Radke-Yarrow and Klimes-Dougan, 7557).
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